Glossary   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Alder Buckthorn  Rhamnus frangula

Deciduous shrub or tree with ovate leaves that turn brown/yellow in autumn. Small green flowers appear after leaves, followed by red berries that ripen to black. Height: Up to 15 feet. Blooms: Late spring

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Alfalfa  Medicago sativa

This is a perennial legume, growing in compact form up to about 3 1/4 feet high. It has small, bright green, succulent leaves grouped in threes, and tiny violet flowers in a cluster, followed by hairy spirally twisted seed pods. It has a deep taproot penetrating to a depth of 30-100 feet.

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Aloe Vera  Aloe vera

Squat succulent with orange or red flowers grouped atop tall, erect stems. Fleshy leaves in blades rising 1-2 feet from a rosette center are pale green and mottled with spots, and prickly around the edges. Blooms: Midsummer. Height: 1-5 feet.

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Amaranth  Amaranthus hypochondriacus

Annual herb with stout, erect, branched stems and purple-spotted, dull green leaves. Produces dense clusters of small crimson flowers in long upright spikes. Height: 3-5 feet. Blooms: late summer

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American Ginseng  Panax quinquefolius

6-16 inches high; produces bright red berries with white seeds after green flowers appear in an umbrella-shaped grouping. Thin, single stem with glossy green leaves.

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Angelica  Angelica archangelica

Biennial but may live up to 3 years before flowering. Grows to a height of 5-6 feet. The flowers are large heads of spheres of small, light yellow, almost green flowers. Blooms from June to July.

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Anise  Pimpinella anisum

Annual herb up to 2 feet with feathery upper leaves; produces oval, downy gray-brown seeds after small, yellowish white flowers appear that are grouped in umbels.

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Apple Tree Bark  Pyrus malus

Deciduous tree whose flowers appear in early spring about the same time that leaves appear. Flowers are white flushed with pink, growing in groups of three to six at the tips of leaves. Fruit ripens in early fall.

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Arnica  Arnica montana

1-2 feet high; perennial bearing yellow-orange daisy-like flowers around disks composed of tubular flowers. It has hairy, bright green leaves attached directly on stalks.

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Artichoke  Cynara scolymus

Large, blue-violet flower heads whose stems reach 4-6 feet. The "leaves" that are eaten are really bracts on the flower head and not the plant's leaves at all.

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Astragalus  Astragalus mebranaceus

Compound leaves up to 6 inches long with yellow flowers and seed pods resembling small soybeans. It has a perennial, branched taproot. Astragalus can grow up to 2 feet tall.

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