Glossary   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Male Fern  Aspidium filix-mas

Deciduous or semi-evergreen fern with thick rhizomes and crowns of broadly lanceolate fronds up to 36 inches long. Grows in damp woodlands and in hilly and mountainous areas.

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Marjoram  Majorana hortensis

Bushy plant with a dense, shallow root system. It has tiny white or pink spherical flowers that are clustered in spikes or corymbs of 3-5 flowers. Its pale, gray-green leaves are spicy and aromatic. Fruit are light brown, very small nutlets. Height: 1 foot. Blooms August-September.

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Marshmallow  Althea officinalis

Erect perennial with tapering, woody taproot, wooly stems, and several spreading, leafy branches. Pink or white flowers appear singly or grouped in twos or threes, with obviate, notched petals. Produces round, downy fruit with many carpels each having one seed. Height: 4-5 feet. Blooms July-September.

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Meadowsweet  Filipendula ulmaria

Stout, upright herb with creamy white flowers. The leaves are 1-8 feet and have dark green tops with whitish downy undersides. Height: Up to 6 feet. Blooms: June-September.

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Milk Thistle  Silybum marianum

Annual or biennial with sharp spines on its reddish-purple flowers. It has white markings on the leaves and milky white sap. Height: 5-10 feet. Blooms: July-August

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Milk Weed  Asclepias syriaca

Common milkweed is a thick-stemmed, unbranched, upright herb that grows 3-5 feet tall. It contains a bitter, white, sticky latex or milk as a protection against insects.

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Mint  Mentha species

Square-stemmed perennials with tiny flowers in whorls that can be purple, pink, or white. The leaves are opposite, fragrant, simple and toothed and they produce four smooth, ovoid nutlets. Height: up to 2 feet. Bloom: July and August

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Mistletoe  Viscum album, Phoradendron serotinum

Mistletoe are shrubs that live on trees. They have evergreen leaves that are thick, leathery, and oblong. The berries are small, white, oblong and have sticky flesh with one seed inside. Height: 1-2 feet. Blooms: Midspring to early summer.

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Motherwort  Leonurus cardiaca

An upright prickly bush with a height of up to 5 feet and a width of 2 feet. The flowers are pale pink to purple, very hairy. The leaves are dark green above, pale below. Prickly. Blooms in late June to August.

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Mugwort  Artemisia vulgaris

A single-stemmed plant with floppy leaves. The height is up to 6 feet with a width of 1-2 feet. The flowers are tiny, red-brown, wooly, and clustered on stem tips. Native to Europe and Asia and naturalized in the U.S.

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Mullein  Verbascum thapsus

A hardy biennial. Height up to 6 feet; width of 2-3 feet. Flowers are yellow and 1 inch across, 4 petals, clustered densely around a single flower spike.

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Mustard  Brassica species

Mustards have a strong smell and flowers that form a rounded Maltese cross. They produce a long, slender fruit pod with small seeds, which can be viable for many years. Height: 4-6 feet. Blooms: early summer.

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Myrrh  Commiphora myrrha

Thorny tree with light bark growing in East Africa from Sudan to Somalia and in southern Arabia. Leaves appear only during rainy season. Resin is found in the bark and used commercially.

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